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Live bovine animals and beef

Poland is the sixth beef producer in the European Union. Our production in 2020 was 559 thousand tons. It is higher result than in all other 12 countries that joined the EU in 2004 and later. Poland is the second exporter of beef in the European Union and the third exporter from the EU to non-EU countries. The subject of foreign trade are live animals as well as fresh, chilled and frozen beef. Poland’s main partners in this industry, in terms of value of exported goods, are Italy, Germany, and Spain. In 2021, exports of the industry accounted for 0.6% of Polish merchandise exports.

Beef production in Poland is characterized by great fragmentation. Over 350,000 farms are involved in cattle breeding and rearing. The average number of animals kept does not exceed 20 heads. There is a positive change in the quality of beef carcasses, although these changes take place slowly. This is due to the fact that the number of beef cattle and crossbred cattle is increasing. Beef production declined slightly during the Covid-19 pandemic, but this did not affect the sector. In May 2017, Poland was granted a negligible BSE risk status, which opens the way to the markets of China and Vietnam for meat exports and Turkey for live beef exports.

Obrazek dekoracyjny

Industry definition

The industry includes the following CN codes: 0102, 0201, 0202.

These include live cattle, cattle meat fresh, chilled or frozen.

Value of industry exports from Poland [EUR]

1 387,13 M Decrease by -4% to 2017
1 428,03 M Increase of 3% to 2018
1 427,37 M Decrease by 0% to 2019
1 631,09 M Increase of 14% to 2020
source: Eurostat, Comext

Useful contacts

Logo polskie mięso - polish meat association

Polish Meat Association

ul. Chałubińskiego 8 00-613 Warszawa

Union of Producers and Employers of Meat Industry

Al. Ujazdowskie 18, unit 16 00-478 Warsaw


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