Energy-efficient construction technologies as an opportunity for development in the EU
By 2050, construction in the European Union must undergo an energy-efficient transformation. The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive is responsible for the energy regime in the countries of the EU.
According to data from the European Commission, the construction sector in the EU is on its own the largest energy consumer in Europe, consuming 40% of energy. At the same time, about 75% of buildings are energy inefficient. In connection with the above, restrictive changes have been introduced to significantly reduce the harmful impact of the construction sector on the environment.
According to the regulations introduced in 2010 and amended in 2020, residential and non-residential construction is to become energy-efficient and low-emission by 2050. To this end, the EU authorities have committed Member States to put in place a multi-annual strategy with an action plan, measures and measurable progress indicators.
In addition, the regime for technical inspections has been extended. In European construction, every five years there will be a review of: heating and cooling, domestic hot water, ventilation, built-in lighting and other technical systems.
By 31 December 2018, buildings owned by public authorities were expected to reach nearly zero-energy consumption. In the case of other, new buildings, the time scale is until 31 December 2020. In 2020, provisions were introduced on the readiness of existing facilities to be connected to the so-called smart grids.
Current standards generate a strong demand for new technologies that will enable a rapid and effective energy transition in all EU countries.
More information on the Directive and detailed guidelines is available on the European Parliament’s website